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The goal of crsmeta is to extract map projection metadata from in-memory spatial R objects. The map projection is a set of parameters that describe a coordinate reference system (‘crs’) and there are various systems that do so with different sets of aliases and assumptions. With crsmeta we are only obtaining the value from various formats so that we can develop tools that use them rather than concern ourselves with format-specific plumbing.

We cannot obtain a crsmeta value from out of memory sources like files, databases, or URLs. Use another tool for that.


You can install the released version of crsmeta from CRAN with:


Install the development version of crsmeta from Github.

## install.packages("remotes")


This is a basic example which shows you how to obtain the PROJ string from spatial objects (raster, or silicate):

#> Loading required package: sp

## a spatial object
r <- raster::raster()
r[50:51] <- 10

#> [1] "+proj=longlat +datum=WGS84 +ellps=WGS84 +towgs84=0,0,0"

#> [1] "+proj=lcc +lat_1=-47 +lat_2=-17 +lat_0=-32 +lon_0=136 +x_0=0 +y_0=0 +ellps=WGS84 +towgs84=0,0,0,0,0,0,0 +units=m +no_defs"

This also works for sp, and sf. The function crs_epsg() also works for sf objects, and crs_wkt2() for sf and sp objects for later system-level versions of the PROJ library. The crs_input() function will return what the data set’s original coordinate system was specified with for new sf objects.

Beware of crs_input() it can return EPSG, WKT, PROJ4, or many other variants and aliases.

Now sp or sf objects, note this will give different results depending on the version/s of R and other software in use:

#> [1] '0.9.0'
#>           GEOS           GDAL         proj.4 GDAL_with_GEOS     USE_PROJ_H 
#>        "3.8.0"        "3.0.4"        "7.0.0"         "true"         "true"
north_carolina <- sf::read_sf(system.file("gpkg/nc.gpkg", package = "sf", mustWork = TRUE))
#> [1] NA
crs_proj(as(north_carolina, "Spatial"))
#> [1] "+proj=longlat +datum=NAD27 +no_defs +ellps=clrk66 +nadgrids=@conus,@alaska,@ntv2_0.gsb,@ntv1_can.dat"
crs_wkt2(as(north_carolina, "Spatial"))
#> [1] "GEOGCRS[\"NAD27\",\n    DATUM[\"North American Datum 1927\",\n        ELLIPSOID[\"Clarke 1866\",6378206.4,294.978698213898,\n            LENGTHUNIT[\"metre\",1]]],\n    PRIMEM[\"Greenwich\",0,\n        ANGLEUNIT[\"degree\",0.0174532925199433]],\n    CS[ellipsoidal,2],\n        AXIS[\"geodetic latitude (Lat)\",north,\n            ORDER[1],\n            ANGLEUNIT[\"degree\",0.0174532925199433]],\n        AXIS[\"geodetic longitude (Lon)\",east,\n            ORDER[2],\n            ANGLEUNIT[\"degree\",0.0174532925199433]],\n    USAGE[\n        SCOPE[\"unknown\"],\n        AREA[\"North America - NAD27\"],\n        BBOX[7.15,167.65,83.17,-47.74]],\n    ID[\"EPSG\",4267]]"
#> [1] NA
#> [1] "NAD27"

Code of Conduct

Please note that the crsmeta project is released with a Contributor Code of Conduct. By contributing to this project, you agree to abide by its terms.