Quantifying and Modeling Photovoltaic Backsheet Cracking

Addison G. Klinke, Abdulkerim Gok, Silas I. Ifeanyi, Laura S. Bruckman, Roger H. French


Data Description

A dataset of cracks in photovoltaic backsheets with inner layers of either ethylene-vinyl acetate or polyethylene exposed to 4,000 hours of continuous UVA irradiance with an intensity of 1.55 \(w/m^2\) at 340 \(nm\) and a chamber temperature of 70\(^\circ\)C. See the associated journal article in Polymer Degradation and Stability for details on obtaining quantitative crack measurements [@klinke_2018_non-destructive].

97 observations of 5 variables are included:

Load data and run code to build netSEM

## Load the crack data set and preview column metadata

## Run netSEMp1 model
ans1 <- netSEMp1(crack)
## Plot the network model for principle 1
plot(ans1, cutoff = c(0.4, 0.5, 0.6))

## Run netSEMp2 model
ans2 <- netSEMp2(crack)
## Plot the network model for principle 2
plot(ans2, cutoff = c(0.4, 0.5, 0.6))

Network diagram for data

dAvgNorm is the endogenous and all other variables are considered as exogenous. Based on the plot, the strongest pathway appears to be uva360dose \(\rightarrow\) carb1715 \(\rightarrow\) dAvgNorm. This can be confirmed using the pathwayRMSE() function.

Crack netSEMp1 model

Crack netSEMp1 model

Crack netSEMp2 model

Crack netSEMp2 model


Huang, J. B., J. W. Hong, and M. W. Urban. “Attenuated Total Reflectance Fourier Transform Infra-Red Studies of Crystalline-Amorphous Content on Polyethylene Surfaces.” Polymer (1992) 33: 5173–78. https://doi.org/10.1016/0032-3861(92)90797-Z.

Klinke, Addison G, Abdulkerim Gok, Silas I Ifeanyi, and Laura S Bruckman. “A Non-Destructive Method for Crack Quantification in Photovoltaic Backsheets Under Accelerated and Real-World Exposures.” Polymer Degradation and Stability (2018) 153: 224–54. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2018.05.008.