To cite lessSEM in publications, please cite the original publications on regularized SEM and the package.

To cite the package:

Orzek J (2023).

lessSEM: Non-Smooth Regularization for Structural Equation Models. R package version 1.4, https://github.com/jhorzek/lessSEM.

Orzek J, Arnold M, Voelkle M (2023). “Striving for Sparsity: On Exact and Approximate Solutions in Regularized Structural Equation Models.”

Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal. doi:10.1080/10705511.2023.2189070.

Original publication on regularized SEM - 1

Jacobucci R, Grimm K, McArdle J (2016). “Regularized structural equation modeling.”

Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal,23(4), 555-566. doi:10.1080/10705511.2016.1154793.

Original publication on regularized SEM - 2

Huang P, Chen H, Weng L (2017). “A penalized likelihood method for structural equation modeling.”

Psychometrika,82(2), 329-354. doi:10.1007/s11336-017-9566-9.

For multi-group models, please cite:

Huang P (2018). “A penalized likelihood method for multi-group structural equation modelling.”

British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology,71(3), 499-522. doi:10.1111/bmsp.12130.

Corresponding BibTeX entries:

@Manual{, title = {lessSEM: Non-Smooth Regularization for Structural Equation Models}, author = {Jannik H. Orzek}, year = {2023}, url = {https://github.com/jhorzek/lessSEM}, note = {R package version 1.4}, }

@Article{, title = {Striving for Sparsity: On Exact and Approximate Solutions in Regularized Structural Equation Models}, author = {Jannik H. Orzek and Manuel Arnold and Manuel C. Voelkle}, journal = {Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal}, year = {2023}, doi = {10.1080/10705511.2023.2189070}, }

@Article{, title = {Regularized structural equation modeling}, author = {Ross Jacobucci and Kevin J. Grimm and John J. McArdle}, journal = {Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal}, year = {2016}, volume = {23}, number = {4}, pages = {555-566}, doi = {10.1080/10705511.2016.1154793}, }

@Article{, title = {A penalized likelihood method for structural equation modeling}, author = {Po-Hsien Huang and Hung Chen and Li-Jen Weng}, journal = {Psychometrika}, year = {2017}, volume = {82}, number = {2}, pages = {329-354}, doi = {10.1007/s11336-017-9566-9}, }

@Article{, title = {A penalized likelihood method for multi-group structural equation modelling}, author = {Po-Hsien Huang}, journal = {British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology}, year = {2018}, volume = {71}, number = {3}, pages = {499-522}, doi = {10.1111/bmsp.12130}, }